1. The British colonialists who had come initially as merchants and traders, taking the advantage of the hostilities and wars among the feudal states and also among rival claimants in the same state, began annexing and occupying our territories by employing military force, and within a hundred years, reduced India into their colony. They destroyed new productive forces developing within the womb of Indian feudal society, created comprador bourgeois class and a new feudal landlord class to serve as their social basis and intelligentsia to serve their interests. The colonial economy, politics, education and culture was superimposed over feudal India.
2. Since the beginning of colonial rule, Indian people ceaselessly struggled against imperialism and feudalism. Innumerable peasant uprisings and revolts of tribals like Santhals, Mundas and Bhils delivered staggering blows at imperialism. The first war of Indian inflicting many humiliating defeats and shaking the very foundation of colonial rule. But these uprisings of the Indian people against imperialism and its feudal props failed to achieve freedom as there was no scientific theory and no revolutionary leadership capable of uniting the entire Indian people and leading them to victory. However, these struggles did not go in vain, on the contrary they steeled and tempered the Indian people and equipped them with valuable experience. Even later in 20th century the Gadar party, revolutionary groups led by Bhagat Singh and Azad, Chittagong Armory Seizure, the struggle of peasants led by Alluri Seetharamaraju, revolutionary and patriotic middle class intellectuals and youth fought to end the colonial rule.
3. The new class of the proletariat emerged on the political scene as did the native bourgeoisie. A section of the native bourgeoisie was encouraged and supported by British imperialism to become the big-bourgeoisie which is comprador in nature. The mass political actions of the proletariat imparted new orientation to the national liberation struggle, created panic in British rulers and prompted their social props – big bourgeoisie and big feudal landlords to intervene and assume leadership of the national movement. After first world war, the political representatives of these classes consolidated themselves in Gandhian leadership of Congress, a body set up with British patronage. The Gandhian leadership of the Indian National Congress, displayed on the one hand, formal opposition to the imperialist rule in order to bring the Indian people under its fold and utilize this for seeking concessions from British imperialists, or the other through its methods of `Ahimsa’, `Satyagraha’ and `passive resistance’ directed the national movement from the path of revolution to the path of compromise and surrender. A section of comprador big bourgeois and big landlord classes, having broken off from the Congress, consolidated in the Muslim League.
4. With the victorious Great October Socialist Revolution, the Indian revolution became a part of World Socialist Revolution. It brought the science of Marxism-Leninism to India and Communist party of India was born introducing a new element in the Indian Revolution. However, despite tremendous opportunities, the leadership of the working class could not be established over the national liberation movement as the party leadership failed to rely upon and draw peasant masses into anti-British struggles in India and refused to build the People’s Liberation Army. The party leadership trailed behind pro-imperialist Congress and Muslim League leadership and caused immense damage to the cause of Indian revolution and people. Notwithstanding this, the party ranks firmly stood with the suffering people, led innumerable class battles and made untold sacrifices for the cause of Indian people and Indian proletariat.
5. The smashing defeat of the fascist powers at the hands of the world people led by the Soviet Union under the leadership of Com.Stalin and the world shaking victorious advance of the Great Chinese Revolution under the leadership of Com. Mao Zedong brought a new alignment of forces the world over. Imperialism and reaction were immensely weakened and the struggle of the world people against imperialism and its lackeys registered a mighty advance, particularly the National Liberation struggles of the colonial people surged forward with torrential force throughout Asia, Africa, Latin America. It became impossible for the weakened British imperialism to maintain its old Empire.
6. An unprecedented revolutionary situation overtook India too. The movement for the release of Azad Hind Fauj (INA) prisoners, powerful anti-imperialist demonstrations by students and people all over India, the Great Tebhaga and Bakast struggles, the anti-feudal struggles in the princely states, the powerful strike of Post and Telegraph workers, and the armed revolt of R.I.N. ratings along with rebellions in the Air-Force and the Army and the police revolt in several places, the waves of strikes and solidarity movement of the working class and the beginning of the Historic Telengana Peasants’ Armed struggle led by the Communists, besieged British imperialism and its lackeys from all sides, thus threatening the very existence of their colonial rule.
7. The National Congress and the Muslim League who represented the comprador big bourgeoisie and the big landlords were also frightened at the tremendous sweep of the national liberation struggle. They were also afraid that the Indian people led by the working class could take to the path of Chinese revolution and the fate of imperialism and feudalism would be doomed in India. Therefore, both British imperialism and the big bourgeois and big landlord classes entered into a conspiracy and compromise to disrupt and smash the national liberation struggle. The country was partitioned amidst communal carnage resulting in mutual slaughter of lakhs of people and disruption of anti-imperialist unity of the people because of the counter-revolutionary efforts of the leadership of Congress and Muslim League. The leadership of the CPI trailed behind the leadership of the National Congress and the Muslim League and damaged the cause of the Indian people.
8. British imperialism transferred power to the Indian National Congress representing the comprador big bourgeoisie and big landlords. The independence declared on August 15, 1947 was a formal independence. Subsequent developments prove that it changed the colonial and semi-feudal character of the society into a semi-colonial and semi-feudal one, while retaining the old bureaucratic state apparatus.
9. During the past years, the reactionary state not only preserved and allowed to expand the exploitation of British monopoly capital, it facilitated the monstrous growth of US monopoly capital while also opening the gates to exploitation by Japan, West Germany, France and other imperialist powers. With the restoration of capitalism in the Soviet Union and its degeneration into social-imperialism, it too joined in the exploitation and plunder of our country. The phenomenal increase in the total quantum of foreign imperialist capital, the heavy remittances of profits abroad, thousands of collaborationist enterprises, total dependence on the imperialist `aid’, `grants’ and `loans’ for capital goods, technical know-how, military supplies and armament industries, even for markets, and unequal treaties etc, made Soviet Social imperialism and US imperialism the overlords of our country. Our country, too, became an arena of contention between the two superpowers because of its vast manpower and rich resources and they sought to dominate the economy, politics, culture and armed forces of our country. The growing economic crisis in the country, the growing peoples struggles, the growing contradictions and conflicts between various section of the ruling classes and the bitter rivalry between the imperialist powers for domination over India have resulted in divisions in the ruling classes who an engaged in a ceaseless struggle for power. India today is a semi-colony where several imperialist powers contend.
10. In our country, the state is in the hands of comprador big bourgeoisie and big landlords and it serves the interests of imperialism, comprador bureaucrat capitalism and feudalism. While preserving and perpetuating semi-feudal relations, the Indian ruling classes facilitate the exploitation by imperialist countries and suppress the interests of the working class, peasantry, urban petty bourgeoisie and national bourgeoisie. Our country and the people are groaning under the heavy weight of three big mountains, namely imperialism, feudalism and comprador bureaucrat capitalism the three main enemies of Indian Revolution.
11. The reactionary economic and political policies pursued by the ruling classes have gone to fill the coffers of a handful of comprador bureaucrat capitalists and big landlords who have amassed enormous wealth by unscrupulously utilizing the state machinery besides intensifying exploitation of our country by imperialists. This has immensely aggravated the crisis in our economy. The prices of consumer goods are soaring beyond the reach of the common man, inflation is increasing, the industry and trade of the national bourgeoisie are going bankrupt, the artisan and his handicraft is facing extinction, the living conditions of the working class, peasants, government employees, teachers and other sections of the petty-bourgeoisie are rapidly deteriorating, millions go hungry, naked and homeless. The mounting unemployment has reduced tens of million into mere paupers.
12. The reactionary ruling classes wield two weapons to maintain their dictatorial rule over the people-savage repression and political deception. The just struggles of the workers, peasants, students, teachers, government employees and other sections of the petty-bourgeoisie are suppressed with iron hand. Police firings, encounter killings, and death in lock-ups have become the order of the day. The government has armed itself with draconian laws and has greatly extended and perfected its repressive machinery in order to crush by force the rising movement of the people. Liberation struggles of the nationalities have been cruelly suppressed. The communist revolutionaries including our party – CPI(ML) have been the main target of the attacks of reactionary regime and thousands of cadres and leaders of the movement have been physically liquidated. Revolutionary people have been butchered by the Army, CRPF, BSF and the police. Thousands of them have been locked up in prison in inhuman conditions. Several areas are notified as disturbed areas and armed police camps have been set up to suppress the democratic struggles of the people. Owing to massive abuse of the state machinery, the colossal expenses, and employing gangsters by the parties of the ruling classes, the elections are reduced to mockery. The fundamental rights trumpeted by the ruling classes are not really enjoyed by the broad masses of the people in actual life and have been only formal.
13. In order to hide their dictatorial rule from the broad masses of the people, the reactionary ruling classes use the veil of parliamentary democracy. The revisionists and the neo-revisionists who are in essence loyal lackeys of reactionary ruling classes embellish the so-called parliamentary democracy as an instrument of people’s will and advocate the `peaceful’ parliamentary path of socialism. They characterize their treachery as the `Indian Road to Socialism’. The advocacy of non-class politics and socialism is a bourgeois trickery to distract the broad masses of the people from the path of revolutionary struggle. The Indian people cannot achieve their liberation through parliamentary democracy, but they can achieve it on through protracted peoples’ war under the leadership of the working class.
14. In the name of bringing about national integration, the ruling classes have been suppressing the genuine rights of all the nationalities and national and religious minorities. They are denying the right of self-determination to nationalities like Naga, Mizo, and Kashmiri. Equal status to all languages is being denied and Hindi is sought to be imposed on the non-Hindi people without the consent as an all-Union language. The culture and language of the tribal people is being suppressed. The Muslims have been particularly singled out for harsh treatment by the ruling classes, which pretend to be secular. Their patriotism is doubted. They are treated as second class citizens and are discriminated in many spheres government and private services. They are often subjected to riots and are compelled to live under the constant shadow of repression and reprisals. The policies of the ruling classes lead not to national integration, not to unity among the people of various nationalities but to disintegration and disunity.
15. The comprador Indian rulers have continued with the policy of British imperialists of deepening communal division to blunt the edge of the people’s struggles. They foment communal trouble, instigate communal riots and mobilise the people on communal lines to divert the attention of the people from their misrule, to suppress peoples movements, and to arm themselves with draconian powers. Both majority and minority communalisms are harmful for the development of class struggle and people’s movement.
16. The youth and students of our country have no opportunity to grow into useful citizens to play their full part in building a free and powerful New democratic India. Women in India constitute almost half of its population. While they suffer all the exploitation and oppression to which the broad masses of the people are subjected, they are victims of special disabilities and discriminations. The semi-colonial and semi-feudal set-up coupled with obscurantist and feudal culture and values make their life suffocating, miserable and hellish. They are denied equal status with men and are paid far less wages than the male workers for the same work. Millions of women are denied the right to receive education and made to suffer in silence the agonies in a male dominated semi-feudal society, including the medieval Parda and the evil of dowry system, prevalence of child marriage, sati, sex determination for female foeticide and denial of remarriage of widows adds melancholy to the already degraded life of the Indian women. The oppression arising out of feudal values causes higher rate of mortality among girls than among boys. They are excluded from the mainstream of social and political life.
17. Due to worsening living conditions of the people of our country under semi-colonial and semi-feudal exploitation many of our countrymen are compelled to go abroad in search of better living conditions. These overseas Indians are subjected to humiliating experiences of racism, discrimination and oppressive laws. Indian Government takes no steps to protect their rights.
18. * Our country is a backward agricultural country where the peasant masses constitute about 70% of population. They are living in conditions of semi-starvation and extreme pauperization. In India’s semi-feudal economy about three fourth of land is concentrated in the hands of nearly 20% – landlords (former rajas and landlords) and rich peasants, while the land starved peasantry constituting about 80% of the rural population own only one fifth of the land. Over 50% of the rural population have no land at all or very little land. The landless and poor peasants have to turn over 50% and more of their annual harvest to the landlords. The extortionate usurious capital continues to fleece the peasantry while indebtedness of the peasantry to moneylenders, banks, cooperatives etc. is increasing. Eviction of the peasant from the land he tills is an everyday phenomenon. Among the different sections of peasantry, we should base ourselves on landless poor peasants and agricultural labourers, we should unite with middle peasants as stable allies and we should try to win over rich peasants in anti-feudal and anti-Govt. struggles though they are vacillating allies.
19. Due to the continuing semi-feudal nature of the economy, our people remain afflicted with casteism and caste oppression, which in essence is class oppression. This has particularly resulted in sub-human living conditions and extreme degradation for vast millions of our population. With active support of the reactionary state, social oppression of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, including lynching and burning alive by tyrant feudal landlord, reminiscent of the middle ages is continuing unabated. In the name of removing caste oppression, the Indian ruling classes have indeed been promoting it to serve their own interests and keep the people divided.
20. * In the context of growing peasant struggles in the country, tohoodwink the peasant masses, the ruling classes conceived and implemented land reforms in a way that served comprador big bourgeoisie and big landlords as well as imperialists. These land reforms though abolished multiple layers of intermediaries, did not deliver land to the tiller which has continued to be concentrated in the hands of landlords. To increase the penetration and exploitation of imperialist and comprador capital and under their patronage, capitalist methods of agriculture have been promoted through loans and various schemes, and used in some areas of different states without changing semi-feudal land relations which continue to dominate with some modifications of form. Though advanced means of agriculture are spread considerably, their use has become significant in some areas while in most parts agriculture continues to be carried by backward means. In these areas of use of capitalist methods imperialist capital in alliance with comprador capital and landlords, is penetrating deeper and also trying to change the pattern of crops. These changes only seek to serve and perpetuate semi-colonial and semi-feudal socio-economic setup of the country. These relations doom the overwhelming majority of peasants to the worst type of expropriation and bondage, with increasing number being dispossessed of land, while a handful of landlords and a section of rich peasants prosper at the cost of peasant masses. In the campaign of imperialists strengthening their penetration and control over all sectors of economy including agriculture, large tracts of agricultural land is being given to Multinational Corporations. The land under food grain cultivation is declining and the problem of land is growing more acute.
21. The much trumpeted `public’ sector has been built up by many imperialist exploiters for employing their capital and for exploiting the cheap labor power and materials of our country and for capturing the commanding heights of our economy. The `public’ sector is nothing but a clever device to hoodwink the Indian people and continue their plunder. It is state capitalism dependent on imperialism and serving the interests of private sector too.
22. The industrial workers are subject to inhuman exploitation and they live in most unhygienic conditions. The much publicized `welfare’ measures only remain on paper while the Damocles sword of unemployment continuously hangs over their heads
23. In the sphere of foreign policy, the reactionary ruling classes are closely aligned with the camp of reaction and counter-revolution on the world scale. Their claim to pursue a foreign policy based on genuine independence, non-alignment and peace is a big hoax. Our country’s foreign policy has been tailored essentially to serve the global interests of one or the other imperialist power depending uponone or the other section of the ruling classes being in the Government power at the centre. Subservience towards the imperialist powers and expansionism towards neighboring countries of the third world have been the cornerstone of the foreign policy of India’s reactionary ruling classes. In their bid for expansionism they have launched wars of aggression against China and Pakistan more than once at the instigation and support of the Soviet Union. They have annexed Sikkim and continue to interfere in the internal affairs of the neighboring countries and continue to organize subversion there with the result that our people have become suspects in the eyes of the people of Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Pakistan. The constant attempt of India’s reactionary ruling classes to turn the smaller neighboring countries into their own vassal states leaves no room for doubt that the sovereignty and territorial integrity of these countries are in perpetual danger from Indian expansionism.
24. Instead of pursuing a foreign policy of strengthening and developing close friendly relations with the countries of the third world, particularly with the neighboring countries, the ruling classes have always sought to weaken, divide and oppose the growing unity among the third world countries in their struggle against colonialism, neo-colonialism and imperialism.
25. India is a vast semi-colonial and semi-feudal country where over 80% of the population resides in the villages. They are subjected to semi-feudal oppression and exploitation. Feudalism is an ally and social basis of imperialism. The problem of emancipation of the peasant becomes the key problem of Indian Revolution.
26. Therefore, out of all the contradictions existing in our country i.e. the contradictions between imperialism and the nation, between feudalism and the broad masses of the people, between bourgeoisie and proletariat and between different sections of the ruling classes, two contradictions are basic. They are the contradiction between imperialism and the nation and the contradiction between feudalism and the broad masses of the people. These two basic contradictions decisively influence the course of Indian Revolution. The way these two basic contradictions express themselves in the period of semi-colonial and semi-feudal society makes the contradiction between the alliance of imperialism, feudalism and comprador bureaucrat capitalism on the one hand and the broad masses of the Indian people on the other, the principal contradiction and agrarian revolution, the main content of the new democratic revolution.
27. Throughout the period of New Democratic revolution, imperialism dominates the economic political and military affairs of our country. The principal contradiction will change, when our country is subjected to foreign imperialist aggression or when our country is converted into a neo-colony of any one of the imperialist powers into one of the nation versus imperialism. Establishment of fascism in the country also affects the principal contradiction.
28. Therefore the basic task of the Indian revolution is to eliminate imperialism, feudalism and comprador bureaucrat capitalism. Our country is in the stage of People’s Democratic Revolution i.e. New Democratic Revolution, the essence of which is agrarian revolution. It is however not the old type of democratic revolution as it forms a part of world proletarian revolution. It can be successfully led by the working class alone as the working class is the most consistent revolutionary class.
29. The main force of the democratic revolution led by the working class is the peasantry. The working class fully relies on the landless and poor peasants, firmly unites with the middle peasants and even wins over a section of rich peasants while neutralizing the remaining. It will only be a tiny section of the rich peasants that finally joins the enemies of the revolution. The urban petty- bourgeoisie and revolutionary intellectuals of our country are revolutionary forces and are reliable allies in our revolution. The national bourgeoisie though vacillating, is an ally of the people’s democratic revolution a minority section may desert to the counter-revolution.
30. The working class will exercise its leadership over the people’s democratic revolution through its political party and by direct participation in revolutionary struggle. The working class while fighting class battles on economic demands and political issues of national and international importance, will act as the inspirer and leader of other revolutionary classes by launching solidarity mass actions in support of their struggles, chiefly in the struggles of the peasantry. The working class will send its vanguard section to organize and lead the peasant struggles and will coordinate its efforts with revolutionary armed struggles for first liberating the countryside and finally capturing cities.
31. In order to carry the people’s democratic revolution through to the end. It is necessary that a people’s democratic front of all revolutionary classes be built up with worker-peasant alliance as its core under the leadership of the working class. The democratic front is forged in the course of revolutionary struggles as a process from the very beginning of the revolution.
32. The path of the Indian revolution will be essentially the Chinese path and in order to defeat the enemies of Indian revolution and achieve victory, the revolutionary people must forge three weapons as they are of paramount importance. These three weapons are as follows:
1) A party armed with Marxism-Leninism- Mao Zedong Thought.
2) A People’s Army under the leadership of the Party.
3) A United Front of all the revolutionary classes, organizations and individuals with worker-peasant alliance as its core under the leadership of the proletariat.
33. The people’s democratic revolution under the leadership of the working class will establish a democratic dictatorship of the working class, the peasantry, the urban petty bourgeoisie and the national bourgeoisie under the leadership of the working majority of the Indian people. It will establish a people’s democratic state, guaranteeing democracy for over 90% of the people and enforcing dictatorship over a handful of enemies of the people. That is why it is people’s democracy.
34. The Indian Revolution, taken as a whole, passes through two distinct stages of historical development, i.e. the people’s democratic and the socialist revolution. As soon the first stage of people’s democratic revolution is completed the Indian revolution will, without pause, pass over to the socialist revolution. How rapidly the socialist revolution will be completed will depend on the degree of our strength, the strength of the conscious and organized proletariat, the unity and organization of the Indian toilers under the hegemony of the proletariat and on the strength of the world socialist movement. The party stands for uninterrupted revolution. Our country can advance to the stage of building a socialist society only by completing the people’s democratic revolution first. The ultimate goal of the party is the establishment of first socialist and then a Communist society, i.e. stateless, class-less society without exploitation and without wars.
35. The people’s democratic state will carry out the following task:
i) Confiscation of all imperialist capital, imperialist banks and enterprises and liquidation of all imperialist debts.
ii) Confiscation of all industries, banks and other assets of the comprador –bureaucrat capitalists.
iii) Confiscation of land belonging to the landlords and their redistribution gratis among the landless and poor peasants on the principle of `land to the tiller’. Cancellation of debts of the peasantry and other toiling people. Guarantee of all facilities for the development of agriculture and extension of amenities to rural areas removing their present backwardness.
iv) Guarantee sovereignty to the people, i.e. concentration of the supreme political power in the hands of the people.
v) Guarantee universal, equal and direct suffrage for all citizens attaining the age of 18 years except the counter revolutionaries, deprived of the right of franchise.
vi) Freedom of conscience, of speech and press, of assembly and of association to the people.
vii) People’s political power, including judiciary at all levels, to be exercised through the elected bodies, with right of recall to the people.
viii) Maximum eight hours working day, increase in wages, improvement in the living conditions of working class, proper safety measures at place of work and better working conditions, implementation of equal pay for equal work. All reactionary laws restricting their rights to be scrapped. Implementation of need based minimum wage.
ix) Enforce better living conditions for all the people and remove unemployment.
x) Right to job, education and health for all. Concrete measures for the welfare of the aged, children, orphans and physically handicapped.
xi) Abolition of communalism and all discrimination against religious minorities. Abolition of casteism, caste oppression and all forms of social oppression; Equal right to all citizens irrespective of sex, creed, religion, caste, region or nationality.
xii) Separation of the religion and state. State will not interfere in the religious faith.
xiii) Special provision for scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other backward sections so as to remove their present backwardness and abolish cultural oppression of the tribal people.
xiv) Equal rights to women in property and equal opportunities to them in all walks of life. Implementation of equal work for equal pay to women. Opportunities will be given to women to free them from patriarchal domination of men and all social evils. Paid leave and free medical aid for women 3 months before and 3 months after child birth.
xv) Protection of Industry and trade of national bourgeoisie, under the guidance of the People’s Democratic State.
xvi) Abolition of all exorbitant taxes and miscellaneous assessments and enforcement of a consolidated progressive tax system.
xvii) Abolition of the present educational system and institutions and institution of a new democratic and scientific educational system and guarantee of free education to all. The right of the population to have education in their mother tongue.
xviii) Promote research and development in the field of Science and Technology.
xix) Eradication of semi-colonial, semi-feudal culture and development of a democratic people’s culture.
xx) Guarantee equality to all nationalities in India and recognition of the right of self-determination to all nationalities including the right to secede and autonomy to nationalities.
xxi) All the languages will be given equal status and will be encouraged to attain the utmost development. Protection and encouragement will be given to the development of the languages and culture of tribal people. The question of link language will be solved in a democratic manner keeping in view the unity of people of various nationalities.
xxii) Complete severance of relations with British Common wealth. Abrogation of all anti-people, anti-national and unequal treaties and pacts concluded by the reactionary ruling classes with imperialism and other states. Abrogation of unequal treaties imposed by expansionist Indian ruling classes on neighboring countries e.g. Indo-Nepal Treaty, Indo-Bangladesh Treaty. Strive for world peace and disarmament.
xxiii) Forging friendly relations with socialist states on the basis of equality, fraternity and mutual support consistent with the principles of Marxism-Leninism and proletarian internationalism.
xxiv) Establishing normal relations with all states of different social systems on the basis of:
A. Respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of states.
C. Non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries.
D. Equality and mutual benefit.
E. Peaceful Co- Existence.
xxv) Forging unity and solidarity with all the peoples struggling for national liberation and emancipation throughout the world.
xxvi) Strengthen and democratize the people’s armed forces and national defense, an army that will not be a mercenary burden on the people but shall take part in serving the people in productive labor.
36. The CPI (ML) is placing this programme of people’s democratic revolution before the Indian people and dedicated itself to serve this great revolutionary cause.
37. The CPI(ML) is the advanced detachment of the Indian proletariat and is the political core leading the Indian people’s revolution. The Party is at the same time a contingent of the world army of proletariat.
38. The CPI (ML) upholds Marxism-Leninism- Mao Zedong Thought as a guide to the concrete practice of Indian revolution. The CPI (ML) adopts the standpoint of dialectical materialism in studying and solving all the problems of Indian revolution and rejects dogmatism and other alien methods of study and investigation. Our party will assimilate the rich experience of the past and present revolutionary struggles of the Indian people and creatively apply them in accordance with the need of Indian revolution. The party will firmly adhere to the basic principles of initiative and self-reliance.
39. The Party is confident that unshakable unity of our people with the world proletariat and the oppressed people and nations of the world would not only bring complete victory to the Indian revolution but would at the same time hasten the total collapse of imperialism and reaction and would accelerate the worldwide victory of socialism. The party is confident that the day of victory is certain.
ALL INDIA PARTY CONGRESS,
11.6.1992 C.P.I. (M-L)
* Amendments passed in All India Party Congress August, 1996